Global Shipping: Why Costs Will Continue to Rise
Shipping costs have been rising steadily since Autumn 2020. The first few months of 2021 have seen price surges across numerous freight rates along primary trade routes, with prices for some trade lanes tripling as compared to last year. Costs look set to continue in this upward trend for a number of reasons.
Continuing Global Imbalances
From the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, imbalances in goods production and demand built up as countries locked down and reopened at different times. The problem was aggravated by shipping companies reducing capacity on major routes along with a shortage of empty freight containers. Global demand has experienced strong recovery, with a subsequent increase in competition for ocean freight capacity.
Lack of Alternatives
Alternatives to ocean transportation are few. Shipments of higher value products by train or air would usually be an option but limited capacity and spiking tariffs are proving to be an issue. The shipments of lower value products have seen increases in freight costs from an average of 5% up to a massive 20%. Absorbing increases of this scale is difficult and so consumers are likely to be impacted.
While some countries are already exporting more products than before the pandemic, exports from others continue to lag behind the overall increase. This unbalanced rate of recovery will continue to compound world trade issues, including in terms of the displacement of empty containers.
Reduced Blank Sailings
Though global capacity on major routes has generally recovered to levels before lockdowns began, blank sailings have continued to cut 10% of scheduled capacity in Q1 of 2021. Cancellations have been partly due to delays and so the continued congestion within the system may result in shipping capacity being reduced at short notice.
Port Congestion and Closures
As suggested by the link between delays and cancelled sailings, congestion is a major problem. The rate of vessels keeping to schedules has dropped, accompanied by a rise in the delays of late vessels. Overall performance is at its lowest in a decade of records.
Bachmann Group provides a suite of professional marine services designed to improve efficiency and reduce costs, both of which aspects are of growing importance in the face of rising shipping costs. Find out more about our services on the Bachmann Group website and do not hesitate to contact our expert team for further information and advice.